test
Wednesday, June 19, 2024
HomeHealthWhy Oral Well being Is So Essential for General Well being With...

Why Oral Well being Is So Essential for General Well being With Naveen Jain


Kid: Welcome to my Mommy’s podcast.

This podcast is subsidized by means of LMNT, which is a delectable electrolyte drink combine with the whole thing you wish to have and not anything you don’t. This is a science-backed electrolyte ratio, with not one of the junk present in electrolyte beverages. No sugar. No coloring. No synthetic components. No gluten. No fillers. No BS. I really like this corporate such a lot that I invested in them and am a day-to-day consumer in their electrolyte combine. Many people don’t seem to be hydrated sufficient, and this doesn’t simply imply we want extra water… electrolytes are a very powerful a part of this stability as neatly, which is why LMNT is so useful. Electrolytes on this specific ratio can assist save you and do away with complications, muscle cramps, fatigue, sleeplessness, and different not unusual signs of electrolyte deficiency. They may be able to additionally spice up efficiency and restoration. Electrolytes facilitate loads of purposes within the frame, together with the conduction of nerve impulses, hormonal law, nutrient absorption, and fluid stability. Many of us in finding that those electrolytes fortify a low-carb way of life by means of fighting, mitigating, and getting rid of the “low carb/keto flu” and they are able to additionally fortify wholesome fasting. LMNT replaces electrolytes with out breaking a quick.
As a listener of this podcast, you’ll get a loose pattern pack with any order. The LMNT Pattern Pack contains 1 packet of each and every taste. That is the easiest be offering for any individual who’s curious about making an attempt all of our flavors or who needs to introduce a pal to LMNT. This be offering is completely to be had thru VIP LMNT Companions – you gained’t in finding this be offering publicly to be had and is to be had for brand spanking new and returning shoppers. They at all times be offering no questions requested refunds on all orders in the event you aren’t totally glad. Seize the deal at drinklmnt.com/wellnessmama.

This episode is subsidized by means of Howdy Well being, which is my go-to supply for multivitamins, particularly for my more youthful children, sooner than they are able to swallow tablets. Conventional kids’s nutrients are mainly sweet in cover, full of unsavory components and issues you wouldn’t give for your kids in a different way. Maximum manufacturers on retailer cabinets are full of sugar, bad chemical compounds and different gummy junk that rising children, or frankly, any individual will have to by no means consume. And because of this I’m so happy I discovered Howdy Well being. Howdy makes kids’s nutrients with 0 sugar and nil gummy junk and unsavory components. But they style nice, and so they are ideal for choosy eaters. They’re additionally nostalgic and job my memory of the kids’s nutrients I took as a child, regardless that I more than likely wouldn’t love the ones components. Howdy is exclusive as it fills the most typical gaps in trendy kids’s diets to offer complete frame nourishment for our youngsters, with a yummy style that they are going to love and you are going to now not need to combat them over. They manufacture in the US with globally sourced components which are each and every decided on for optimum bioavailability and absorption. And the most productive phase? They come instantly for your door on a pediatrician really useful time table, so that you by no means have to fret about working out. Your first month comes with a reusable glass bottle that your children can personalize with stickers. So when it comes to my children, with six of them, they by no means get them puzzled. After which each and every month after, Howdy sends a no plastic, eco pleasant fill up pouch of unpolluted nutrients. This means that that Howdy isn’t simply excellent in your children, it’s additionally nice for the surroundings as neatly. So that you as a mother not have to fret about working out of nutrients, and they’ll routinely arrive when you wish to have them. You’ll take a look at them out and get them in your children by means of going to Hiyahealth.com/wellnessmama. And also you’ll additionally save 50% for your first month.

Katie: Hi and welcome to the Wellness Mama podcast. I’m Katie from WellnessMama.com and I’m again on this episode with go back visitor, Naveen Jain, to speak about why oral well being is so necessary for general well being and why microbiome is essential. We additionally speak about parenting as we at all times have a tendency to do. And in the event you’re now not acquainted already, Naveen is an intensely curious entrepreneur who isn’t afraid to tackle audacious concepts that may assist humanity. He’s the creator of the award-winning guide, Moonshots: Making a Global of Abundance. And his present adventures are Viome and Moon Specific. As a serial entrepreneur, he in the past based Infospace, Intelius, and TalentWise, and now specializes in Viome, whose singular undertaking is to make sickness non-compulsory. They’ve an AI-driven platform that analyzes the interplay between meals, our microbiome, and our human cells in an effort to expand actual vitamin and save you and opposite continual sicknesses.

And on this episode, we move deep at the oral microbiome, how 99% of the genes in our frame don’t come from our oldsters however from the 100 trillion microbes that decision our our bodies house, how oral well being pertains to general well being and intestine well being, what the oral microbiome is and tips on how to make stronger it, how oral well being is hooked up to such things as colorectal most cancers and middle illness, why the micro organism in our mouth is expounded to digestion, nitric oxide manufacturing, and a lot more. We speak about what biofilms are and what to do about them, the significance of such things as oral pre-, pro-, and post-biotics, the adaptation between genes and gene expression, and the way gene expression is repeatedly converting, after which move deep at the subject of parenting, which is at all times a favourite subject for the 2 folks. So let’s sign up for Naveen. Naveen, welcome again!

Naveen: Smartly Katie, what a excitement to be chatting with you. Each unmarried time I communicate to you, it brings again nice recollections and implausible power since you are simply this type of nice, sure particular person.

Katie: Thanks. I think the similar. And I believe again to our first lengthy dialog a few years in the past at an tournament the place we mentioned the whole thing from parenting to very explicit intestine microbes and the whole thing in between. And I’ve loved each and every dialog since then. And I’m excited to leap into this one.

Other folks could be conversant in you already from our previous episodes that went actually deep at the subject of intestine well being and the way that pertains to the entire frame. I’ll be sure to hyperlink to these within the display notes. If you happen to guys have now not listened, you’ll in finding them at wellnessmama.fm. However these days I’m actually excited to proceed the microbiome dialog in a few instructions that I think like are very related and that you just even have experience in. The primary being the subject of oral well being and the way this relates not to simplest intestine well being however the well being of the frame.

Dave: Whats up Naveen, what you doing?

Katie: Hello Dave Asprey, for the ones of you which are listening in.

Dave: After all I will’t pay attention you as a result of no earbuds. However Katie, love you, you’re superior.

Katie: Hello Dave. What a amusing cameo. I’m doing superb. You glance superior. It’s nice to peer you.

Dave: Nice to peer you.

Katie: You too.

Dave: I really like what you do, I really like what you do. If you happen to’re within the south, simply need you to listen to from me.

Katie: Superior. Smartly, thank you for hopping in. For the ones of you guys who aren’t staring at, Dave Asprey has simply joined the dialog.

Naveen: All there excellent to proceed.

Katie: Smartly, I used to be going to mention to proceed our dialog from our previous podcast, I think like we were given such excellent intensity at the intestine microbiome and the way this pertains to our entire frame and each and every side of well being. And I think like every other actually necessary subject right here that you’re additionally knowledgeable in is the subject of oral well being, which we all know additionally has a microbiome additionally pertains to intestine well being, but in addition affects the frame in a myriad of various techniques. So as to get started off wide, perhaps simply stroll us thru the idea that of oral well being, the oral microbiome and the way this pertains to general well being.

Naveen: Initially, let’s simply to begin with step again and take a look at the human frame itself, proper? We’re so pleased with who we’re as people with out understanding that 99 p.c of the entire genes in our frame don’t come from our ma and pa. Those are the microbes that reside inside of our intestine. They reside in our mouth and our ears and our scalp and everywhere us 100 Trillion of those microbes that decision the people as house

So we actually are to huge extent this strolling speaking ecosystem throughout the higher ecosystem we name universe. And any level of time we disturb this ecosystem Whether or not we’re hectic our oral microbiome or we’re hectic our intestine microbiome. We in truth finally end up making our frame in poor health and the reason being as a result of our frame has come to depend on those microbes to give you the vitamins that our frame wishes. They’re the sensors for the human frame. They actually are telling when there’s something unhealthy is entering the mouth, when one thing is sour style, one thing is a nasty style, that it’s the sign they ship out, they are saying spit this factor out or vomit it out. That is simply no excellent for you, proper?

So these kind of signaling are accomplished by means of those microbes which are repeatedly interacting with the surroundings. So microbes and the surroundings have interaction in combination and they have interaction with the human host that we’re as a bunch and those hundred million microbes that reside inside of and on us.

What’s actually fascinating in regards to the oral well being is it’s actually a gateway to our digestive gadget. We as people are actually like a donor. There’s a tube that is going thru us and there’s a entire frame that’s round us. The start of the tube is our mouth the place all of our oral microbiome is living. And what’s actually fascinating is that on the subject of the kinds of microbiome, there’s extra range of microbiome in our mouth despite the fact that the amount of microbes is not up to our intestine. However they’re extra various set of microbiome in our mouth than they’re in our intestine.

And identical to intestine, what occurs on your mouth doesn’t keep within the mouth. It in truth affects now not simplest our intestine microbiome, but in addition affect us as human beings. In truth, now the oral well being is without delay hooked up to our cardiovascular well being. As the general public would possibly or would possibly not know, our oral microbes are the main manufacturer of nitric oxide. As you understand, the nitric oxide is really wanted for rest of our vascular gadget and with out that, we can have middle illness. And in truth, it additionally improves your sexual well being, let’s simply say, you understand, very obviously nitric oxide additionally will increase the blood float. The nitric, along with the oral microbiome, is without delay hooked up to metabolism, particularly diabetes.

And most of the microbes in our mouth are actually being without delay hooked up to Alzheimer. So in case you have leaky gums, as a result of our gums are the boundaries, when your gums are bleeding, these kind of microbes are actually going into the blood. And there’s a principle that those microbes are actually, in truth, infecting the blood-brain barrier, results in the mind, and that reasons the an infection. And once they analyze the individuals who die from Alzheimer, they see an amazing quantity of P. gingivalis and gingipain being produced in lots of of those individuals who have Alzheimer.

In truth, most of the oral microbes someday finally end up settling in our intestine. We, each day, we as people are swallowing about 1.5 liter of saliva each and every unmarried day. In order that way we’re swallowing all of the ones oral microbes that move into our intestine. Usually those microbes would die within the abdomen on account of the acidity. So generally the acid within the abdomen would kill many of those microbes, it’s now not maximum of them.

However, you understand, as increasingly individuals are on anti-acid medication and taking Nexium and Pepsid, now we don’t have sufficient acidity in our abdomen to kill those microbes and those microbes finally end up settling within the intestine. In truth, a few the microbes like Fusobacterium nucleatum, which is an oral microbiome, when it finally ends up settling within the intestine, turns into primary predictor of colorectal most cancers. So the colorectal most cancers in truth is led to by means of Fusobactin nucleatum, which occurs to be an oral microbiome.

In order you’ll see that despite the fact that we have now… we have now our kidney and we have now a middle, those are all interconnected. It’s now not that what abruptly occurs on your mouth goes to stick within the mouth and what’s going down within the intestine remains within the intestine. All of our programs are interacting with each and every different. And we as human frame also are interacting with the surroundings. So we actually need to maintain the environment as a result of that still affects who we’re.

Katie: Yeah, I think that is this type of interesting subject. I first were given into researching this a few years in the past, in truth, after I discovered I had a couple of small cavities and I used to be pregnant on the time, so I didn’t wish to get them crammed. And all over that point I used to be pregnant, we ended up transferring and I were given a brand new dentist. And once they did the oral examination, I didn’t have cavities anymore. And till that time, I have been instructed that cavities may just by no means heal. So I used to be desirous about what had took place.

And I began researching and studying in regards to the oral microbiome and the way, simply to the touch at the floor degree of what you simply defined, there’s these kind of trillions of micro organism going down within the frame, however within the mouth particularly, it kind of feels like there’s competing micro organism and it could actually move pathogenic in one in all two techniques. So it could actually move in opposition to the strep mutans space, which is the hollow space forming micro organism or in opposition to the gingivitis traces of micro organism. And so they’re each opportunistic. In order that they don’t most often exist on the similar time. So that you’ll most often see one downside or the opposite. However that made me suppose, in fact, that implies we will expectantly nourish our excellent oral micro organism and that relates not to simply cavities and gingivitis, however to, such as you stated, such a lot of facets of well being. And I think like this isn’t mentioned just about sufficient.

So on your view, what are probably the most issues we will do to nourish the nice micro organism in our mouth? And what are a few things to keep away from to stay the unhealthy micro organism from getting too sturdy?

Naveen: After all, so to begin with, as you’ll see there, you understand, other people take a look at the mouth as basically as vainness. Oh, I’ve nice deepwhite tooth. And didn’t imply, and other people bring to mind unhealthy breath, oh, it’s only a unhealthy, you understand, it’s a nasty breath. This is a symptom of items already long gone mistaken in case you have a nasty breath. The query actually you need to ask your self is, what’s inflicting the unhealthy breath to occur?

And it could actually occur as a result of you have got a prime sulfide manufacturing. So your mouth is begin to scent like this volcano, you understand, sulfide, proper? So numerous the sulfide could be very unhealthy smelling. So in case you have a prime sulfide manufacturing by means of your oral microbiome, you scent like sulfide.

Or you have to be generating polyamine, which is every other, it’s like a rotten egg, mainly. It’s like a rotten egg and you’ve got that scent. And now, curiously, similar form of factor that you just discussed, the S Mutants and P. gingivitis and plenty of different of those organisms, in truth, begin to paintings in combination. So when there’s a biofilm being shaped for your tooth, it seems that many of those micro organism are hydrophilic. That implies they can’t in truth stick with your tooth. So there are different micro organism that come alongside, they are able to stick with the tooth, and that permits the opposite kinds of micro organism to stick with those micro organism, and so they shape the movie, which is what we see once we get the plaque, or even if we get up within the morning, whilst you rub our tongue at the tooth, we get this slimy stuff. That’s your biofilm, proper?

Now to reply to your query, what you’ll do is to actually have the oral probiotic and oral prebiotic and oral postbiotic. And Katie, we, as you understand, when in our complete frame intelligence take a look at, we analyze your oral microbiome and the human gene expression on the similar time whilst we’re inspecting your intestine microbiome. And we’re additionally inspecting your blood so we will take a look at your mitochondria and we will additionally take a look at the entire genes which are expressed at the human facet, together with your cytokines and the whole thing else. And all 3 blended permits us to peer what is occurring on your frame. And till now, we had been ready to provide the intestine probiotics and prebiotics to mend your intestine. We had been ready to customized make the dietary supplements for you that might in truth convey your frame again into the wholesome state.

And now within the subsequent, let’s see, mid-July, you’ll be capable to get the oral lozenges for us. They’ll be personalised to you. So those oral lozenges shall be personalised to each and every person and they’ll be capable to modify your oral microbiome, each from a probiotic, prebiotic and postbiotic point of view. That shall be launching a personalised toothpaste that shall be made for you for AM and PM and that toothpaste once more goes to have the entire very important oils, probiotics, prebiotics, the entire herbal enzymes that your mouth wishes to regulate the oral microbiome and one of the vital issues it’s going to do is to fully take away the plaque on touch.

And we have now now over 30 peer reviewed research that presentations obviously that by means of brushing with this personalised gel, it gets rid of the plaque on touch. So I’m simply tremendous excited that now we’ll be capable to modify the oral well being of other people, which is actually a gateway to the human well being.

Katie: Yeah, and one thing else I really like to focus on in relation to this subject is numerous the issues once we speak about micro organism that folks may instinctively suppose to do if they suspect they’re anxious about micro organism can in truth make the issue worse. So from my figuring out, those mouthwashes that we will get on the grocery retailer that experience numerous alcohol in it or actually sturdy antibacterial stuff, they are able to in truth kill the nice micro organism too and in truth result in the unhealthy micro organism getting additional out of stability. So I simply at all times like to focus on that. And I would like any enter you have got on that simply because I do know other people once in a while pay attention micro organism and wanna move rush to kill the micro organism. However such as you’re pronouncing, that’s now not at all times the most suitable option.

Naveen: Smartly, to begin with, take into consideration it. Your frame wishes those micro organism and those microbiomes. So let’s move larger, a larger image. Have in mind, the microbiome way micro way small, biome way residing lifestyles. So this microbiome is actually now not simply micro organism, it’s viruses, fungi, it’s mildew, it’s actually the entire stuff, yeast, the entire issues that we all know of, that we have got a primary ick issue, proper? Oh my God, I wish to do away with them. Bet what? Lets now not reside with out them. They, in truth, are those in our intestine, in our mouth, that during our mouth, they pre-digest our meals. In our intestine, they actually ferment the fiber that our frame can’t digest and in flip give us the vitamins our frame wishes, similar to short-chain fatty acid, which is butyrate and acetate and propionate. All of these items are accomplished by means of microbiome.

Our microbiome produces nutrition Okay. In truth, with out the microbiome in our frame, you wouldn’t be capable to reside. In truth, once we do the checking out on mice, mice, once we kill all in their intestine microbiome and the oral microbiome, mainly they’re referred to as the mice that haven’t any microbes. They in truth don’t reside longer and they’re sicker at all times. So our microbes in truth stay us wholesome and when the infant is born to, the infant is born throughout the beginning canal, it offers us a complete publicity of microbiome to the infant. In truth, the infant, the microbiome is what’s draining the immune gadget for the infant. So in truth, the small children get sicker as a result of their immune gadget not does now not perceive at first what’s a pal, what’s a foe. And our microbiome is repeatedly coaching our immune gadget. And that’s why as they get grownup, they’ve a mature microbiome, the microbiome that’s in truth running with them.

And sadly, the small children which are born thru C-section doesn’t once in a while get all of those microbes and that reasons numerous the problems. So something you wanna be very transparent is those microbes are your pal. They aren’t your enemy. So taking antibiotics or taking a mouthwash that’s antibiotic mouthwash, you’re doing extra injury than excellent. Killing those microbes does injury to human well being length. So don’t suppose that merely doing a mouthwash to in truth kill the micro organism that can be inflicting the unhealthy breath, you might be doing your self a choose. You’re additionally eliminating the micro organism that’s gonna produce the nitric oxide that your frame wishes. That’s what’s gonna produce lot of the pre-digestive enzymes that our frame wishes as a way to digest and take in the vitamins in our frame.

Katie: That’s a very powerful level. And something I’ve mentioned a bit of bit on right here sooner than, however I’ll give an explanation for in a bit of extra intensity for your level is we’re first inoculated with all that necessary intestine micro organism all over the birthing procedure. And naturally, C sections are once in a while inevitable, like with my 3rd. However something I realized used to be they are able to in truth now do a swab of the mum’s micro organism and put it at the child even all over a C-section. And the knowledge I’ve noticed on this is actually interesting so far as how that may in truth assist small children have fewer charges of allergic reactions and eczema and numerous the issues that may include now not getting that preliminary publicity.

I do know that still right here there’s that hyperlink between like we’ve mentioned oral micro organism and the intestine micro organism. So I’d love to speak about any components that assist to inspire either one of the ones. As an example, one I’ve noticed routine within the literature is consuming a range of meals, clearly meals that you just don’t react to. However it kind of feels like many of us these days are consuming an excessively slim vary of the similar meals over and over again and that our guts have a tendency to thrive extra once we’re uncovered to all kinds of greens and herbs and spices that nourish the frame in numerous techniques. However are you able to talk to that and any pointers for giving our micro organism or intestine micro organism what it must thrive?

Naveen: Certain. So Katie. I’m going to step again and simply perhaps describe to the target audience, individuals who would possibly not have heard me sooner than about what’s it that we do. So I’m Founder and CEO of Viome. That’s V as in Victor, I-O-M-E. Viome Existence Sciences. And we’re, very first thing we do is we analyze your gene expression. We analyze your RNA. We don’t analyze your DNA. We take a look at RNA. And for the individuals who will not be conversant in what’s the adaptation between DNA and RNA. So DNA by no means adjustments, proper? So in the event you do a DNA take a look at for me these days and I achieve 200 kilos and also you do my every other DNA take a look at, it’s nonetheless the similar. After which I grow to be diabetic and you’ll do my DNA remains to be the similar. Then I’ve melancholy, then I am getting nervousness, then I am getting middle assault. and also you do my DNA take a look at once more, it’s the similar DNA. In truth, once I die, in the event you had been to do my DNA take a look at, all over again, years once I died, it’s nonetheless the similar DNA. We will be able to nonetheless take a look at the DNA of reality in not unusual or DNA of dinosaur. So the reality is your DNA can’t even let you know you’re lifeless or alive, let by myself you’re wholesome or in poor health.

What’s repeatedly converting on your frame isn’t your DNA, however your RNA, your gene expression is at all times converting. And for the people who find themselves questioning what’s a gene expression, the way in which I’m able to perceive for myself is that each and every a part of our frame is similar DNA. So my hair has the similar DNA as my pores and skin, my eyes, my lungs, my middle, my kidney, my nails, my hands, the whole thing is similar DNA. But, I don’t have the eyes rising on my finger and the nails rising on my head, similar DNA. And the reason being some genes are overexpressed, some genes are below expressed, other genes are expressed, so similar DNA could make any a part of our frame. It makes our neurons in our mind and it makes the lungs, similar DNA.

RNA is the tale you might be writing, DNA is like an alphabet. So what Viome does is it begins from the starting to perceive what’s going on on your frame. So that you get started with the saliva. So that you order a equipment at viome.com. And while you get that equipment at house, you ship us a spit of your saliva, 4 drops of your finger prick blood, and a slightly of your stool. After which we begin to in truth do your entire RNA research of the whole thing you ship us. So we’re having a look at on your saliva, all your oral microbial gene expression. So we all know what are they generating. After which we take a look at human gene expression on your saliva. In a similar fashion, within the blood, we’re ready to take a look at all your mitochondrial gene expression and the human gene expression that comes out of your cytokines. Principally, those are the, you understand, your immune gadget.

And within the intestine, we are actually having a look at all your 30 trillion microbes and we’re inspecting their gene expression to peer what they’re generating. After which we’re having a look on the interplay between the entire microbial manufacturing, microbial metabolites and the human gene expression.

Now, as soon as we have now analyzed the whole thing, we let you know what is occurring on your frame. So we’ll let you know what’s your organic age, which is how neatly are you ageing or how poorly are you ageing, proper? So my chronological age is 64 and I’m biologically now all the way down to 52 proper? Now consider after I’m years previous chronologically, I may well be 40 yr previous biologically. In order that way my spouse by no means need to search for a tender guy as a result of she’s already married a tender guy, proper? In order that’s actually the trick is that we will be biologically more youthful and despite the fact that we’re in truth chronologically ageing.

We come up with your immune well being, we come up with your intestine well being rating, we come up with your oral well being rating, we come up with your cognitive well being, we come up with your cardiac well being and we come up with 50 plus in-depth insights into your frame. After which we let you know, listed here are the meals you will have to now not consume, and this is why. Devour those meals, and this is why. So for instance, there is not any such factor as common wholesome meals. Spinach will also be excellent for you. And in truth, what we discover is of the folk, spinach in truth harms you as a result of your intestine microbes don’t seem to be ready to digest oxalates correctly. Now, in case your intestine microbes are generating numerous sulfide, and you understand the sulfide reasons numerous irritation, then we all know the one method to produce prime sulfide is they want sulfate. And what are the meals prime in sulfate? Broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts. So we are saying keep away from those meals.

Similar form of factor, if we see you’re generating numerous ammonia, then we will say, good day, you understand, your ammonia is coming from fermenting the protein. That implies you’re taking numerous protein that’s now not being digested. And you’ve got two possible choices. Take a digestive enzyme with that protein, or lower down that protein. In a similar fashion, you’ll take a look at uric acid and say, good day, don’t consume avocado, or don’t take nutrition B3, as a result of your uric acid manufacturing is simply too prime. Or don’t take curcumin in case your bile acid manufacturing is simply too prime. In order you’ll see, there is not any such factor as common wholesome meals. And there is not any such factor as common wholesome complement. A similar meals will also be excellent for you, or it may be unhealthy for you, relying on what’s going down in a microbe. So. One guy’s meals is every other guy’s poison, and the similar meals that’s excellent for you these days would possibly in truth be unhealthy for you six months from now as your microbes are repeatedly converting.

What we do curiously, Katie, is that after we understand what meals you wish to have and what meals you shouldn’t consume, we additionally take a look at what vitamins your frame is these days missing. After which we will let you know that you wish to have each day milligram of elderberry, milligram of berberine, you wish to have milligram of amylase. And we undergo each and every nutrition, mineral, herbs, digestive enzyme, meals extracts, probiotics, prebiotics, and we customized make that for each and every person. That implies there is not any pre-made stuff. We actually make the powder for each and every particular person each and every unmarried month. We put that powder within the pill and we customized make the ones tablets for each and every person each and every month and we send it to you.

So you’ll see that the whole thing that you wish to have to stay your frame wholesome and the whole thing you wish to have to stay the intestine wholesome is one thing we use to offer. And now we can be including to it the oral lozenges so you’ll modify the oral microbiome, the customised toothpaste so you’ll modify your oral microbiome. And we’re going to proceed doing increasingly issues. So in the future we will analyze your pores and skin microbiome and make the customized cream this is in truth going to be designed for each and every individual that’s going to be pores and skin cream. Believe if you’ll analyze your scalp microbiome. We will be able to do a personalised shampoo and personalised hair conditioner for each and every person. And similar form of issues, the meals which are excellent for you. So we let you know each and every unmarried superfood. That implies you wish to have those superfoods. Now consider if we will make a superfood pack for each and every person who’s customized made for you. So that you’re now not simply consuming the similar vegetables that everybody else is consuming. We take out the kale is destructive to you or spinach is destructive for your broccoli is destructive to you. We will be able to make the superfoods with simplest the components which are superfoods for you and that shall be a customized made superfood. So we actually are having a look at, Katie, from our point of view, what are we able to do to personalize and customise each and every unmarried factor that human beings wish to keep wholesome each and every unmarried day.

Katie: Yeah, it’s certainly tremendous complete what you guys are doing. And I’d additionally like to springboard onto that as a result of I’ve grow to be a large believer through the years that we want that personalization and individualization. And I’ve spoken to that such a lot of the way we’re each and every so other. Such as you defined that we want personalised inputs. And whilst we may pay attention from knowledgeable who’s found out a really perfect gadget, their gadget won’t paintings precisely the similar for us, however that there additionally do appear to be some issues which are universally really useful to us as human animals and that we sadly can’t or thankfully can’t installed a tablet, which I’d put such things as daylight and nature publicity and sleep in that class. Like we all know the knowledge on morning daylight and the way that has effects on our circadian rhythm, how shiny noon daylight and the crimson mild and blue mild price ourselves, how I’ve by no means heard a unmarried skilled in 700 podcast episodes say sleep isn’t completely important to our well being.

So I would like to listen to your point of view from seeing all this knowledge for hundreds of other people. What are the opposite issues which are loose that we will do at house that make these items more practical?

Naveen: Completely. So to begin with, you understand, in the event you take a look at the longevity, there is sort of a hierarchy of wishes and there are 5 issues that you wish to have to stick wholesome and keep longer and keep longer, more healthy. Proper? So primary is vitamin. I’ve talked sufficient about vitamin with out the right kind vitamin. Not anything issues. It’s like having a Ferrari, however now not placing the fitting gas in that. So as soon as you were given within the vitamin looked after, the next move is in truth Katie, the tension, Pressure Control, proper? As a result of when your frame is below rigidity, it is going into combat or flight reaction. And sadly, when the frame is into the sympathetic mode, which is combat or flight reaction, it shuts down our digestive gadget. Have in mind once we was once in combat or flight as a result of we’ve been chased by means of a tiger, you don’t wish to concern about in truth digesting your meals since you’re about to grow to be a lunch for any individual else. Proper? And once we are stressed out, our immune gadget in truth stopped running as it’s now not, it’s now not vital. Simplest factor at that time vital is combat or flight. In order that way your frame is able to combat or able to run. And that’s the explanation if you’re below rigidity, not anything works.

People who find themselves below rigidity get in poor health extra ceaselessly. They can’t digest the meals. So, you understand, what do other people do? sooner than they consume, we do gratitude, we do prayers. Why can we do this? It’s because it brings the frame again from a sympathetic mode to parasympathetic mode. In order that way you not below combat or combat reaction. So you’ll digest your meals. And that’s the explanation that culturally we’re ready to do the gratitude sooner than we consume. So it permits us to digest our meals.

The quantity 3 factor is workout. Now, It’s not that i am suggesting that we need to spend 4 hours or 8 hours within the gymnasium pumping iron, however all of us want as a way to do 45-minutes of speedy strolling. In truth, if you’ll get 4, 5 miles, steps, a quick stroll, this is excellent sufficient for the general public. As we grow older, it actually is helping even to make use of your frame weight to perform a little muscle coaching. So whether or not you do push-up, you do pull-up, you’ll do squatting. I imply, it doesn’t require numerous apparatus. You’ll do it at house. All of the basic items that you wish to have to do to stick wholesome.

The quantity 4 factor is sleep. And there’s such a lot knowledge on sleep. In truth, it’s the high quality of sleep that issues simply up to the amount of sleep. You might have as a way to get a minimum of one and a part hour of deep sleep and a minimum of one and a part hour of REM sleep. And since all over the REM sleep and deep sleep, now not simplest our frame is flooded with the fluid that in truth gets rid of the rubbish from the mind, so it’s actually a cleansing drainage gadget that occurs once we are into the REM sleep or deep sleep. On the similar time, it additionally takes our non permanent reminiscence, the whole thing we be told, and it in truth strikes into an enduring reminiscence. So it takes a non permanent garage from hippocampus and it begins to transport the reminiscence into our new cortex. So all that occurs all over sleep. And in truth, when individuals who don’t sleep neatly or sleep even 4 hours or 5 hours, they have a tendency to grow to be nearly as though they’re consuming and their mind fog, their power, and the entire programs are as though they’re inebriated. So sleep is really crucial for human well being.

And the final phase, Katie, is discovering the aim. It’s actually necessary that individuals who reside a lifetime of function have a tendency to reside to years longer than the folk haven’t any function. So do one thing this is past you, simply excellent for you. Do one thing that’s significant for others. And the extra stuff you do to make other folks’s lifestyles higher, the simpler you are going to be having a greater lifestyles, a more healthy lifestyles, and reside longer.

Katie: Yeah, I completely agree on that. I do know we’ve had many non-public conversations alongside the ones traces and that for either one of us, a large a part of our function is bettering the arena for our youngsters and for long run generations and our youngsters generally being a large focal point.

This podcast is subsidized by means of LMNT, which is a delectable electrolyte drink combine with the whole thing you wish to have and not anything you don’t. This is a science-backed electrolyte ratio, with not one of the junk present in electrolyte beverages. No sugar. No coloring. No synthetic components. No gluten. No fillers. No BS. I really like this corporate such a lot that I invested in them and am a day-to-day consumer in their electrolyte combine. Many people don’t seem to be hydrated sufficient, and this doesn’t simply imply we want extra water… electrolytes are a very powerful a part of this stability as neatly, which is why LMNT is so useful. Electrolytes on this specific ratio can assist save you and do away with complications, muscle cramps, fatigue, sleeplessness, and different not unusual signs of electrolyte deficiency. They may be able to additionally spice up efficiency and restoration. Electrolytes facilitate loads of purposes within the frame, together with the conduction of nerve impulses, hormonal law, nutrient absorption, and fluid stability. Many of us in finding that those electrolytes fortify a low-carb way of life by means of fighting, mitigating, and getting rid of the “low carb/keto flu” and they are able to additionally fortify wholesome fasting. LMNT replaces electrolytes with out breaking a quick.
As a listener of this podcast, you’ll get a loose pattern pack with any order. The LMNT Pattern Pack contains 1 packet of each and every taste. That is the easiest be offering for any individual who’s curious about making an attempt all of our flavors or who needs to introduce a pal to LMNT. This be offering is completely to be had thru VIP LMNT Companions – you gained’t in finding this be offering publicly to be had and is to be had for brand spanking new and returning shoppers. They at all times be offering no questions requested refunds on all orders in the event you aren’t totally glad. Seize the deal at drinklmnt.com/wellnessmama.

This episode is subsidized by means of Howdy Well being, which is my go-to supply for multivitamins, particularly for my more youthful children, sooner than they are able to swallow tablets. Conventional kids’s nutrients are mainly sweet in cover, full of unsavory components and issues you wouldn’t give for your kids in a different way. Maximum manufacturers on retailer cabinets are full of sugar, bad chemical compounds and different gummy junk that rising children, or frankly, any individual will have to by no means consume. And because of this I’m so happy I discovered Howdy Well being. Howdy makes kids’s nutrients with 0 sugar and nil gummy junk and unsavory components. But they style nice, and so they are ideal for choosy eaters. They’re additionally nostalgic and job my memory of the kids’s nutrients I took as a child, regardless that I more than likely wouldn’t love the ones components. Howdy is exclusive as it fills the most typical gaps in trendy kids’s diets to offer complete frame nourishment for our youngsters, with a yummy style that they are going to love and you are going to now not need to combat them over. They manufacture in the US with globally sourced components which are each and every decided on for optimum bioavailability and absorption. And the most productive phase? They come instantly for your door on a pediatrician really useful time table, so that you by no means have to fret about working out. Your first month comes with a reusable glass bottle that your children can personalize with stickers. So when it comes to my children, with six of them, they by no means get them puzzled. After which each and every month after, Howdy sends a no plastic, eco pleasant fill up pouch of unpolluted nutrients. This means that that Howdy isn’t simply excellent in your children, it’s additionally nice for the surroundings as neatly. So that you as a mother not have to fret about working out of nutrients, and they’ll routinely arrive when you wish to have them. You’ll take a look at them out and get them in your children by means of going to Hiyahealth.com/wellnessmama. And also you’ll additionally save 50% for your first month.

I’d in truth love to speak about updates a bit of bit as a result of I’ve gotten to understand your daughter a bit of bit not too long ago and he or she’s in truth performing some paintings very similar to what you’re doing in, however with the vaginal microbiome, which is every other new and rising space of study. And I believe additionally crucial to figuring out this general microbial surroundings of the frame. So in the event you don’t thoughts talk a bit of bit and humble brag for your daughter a bit of.

Naveen: Smartly, in truth, I’m going to have you ever, since you understand about vaginal microbiome and the way necessary it’s to human well being, I’m going to have you ever speak about it and I’m going to let you know about what does it take to be a really perfect dad or mum and tips on how to elevate kids in a fluent circle of relatives and even in a middle-class circle of relatives that they actually have this starvation to move out and do audacious issues.

Katie: So in brief, I’ll contact on what she does and I’ll make certain there’s a hyperlink within the display notes. If you happen to guys wish to continue learning extra, they’ve numerous tutorial assets too. However I think like that is a space of medication that has been in large part not noted for an extended, very long time, as a result of for almost all of our recorded historical past, a minimum of the vast majority of researchers and medical doctors had been males. So it used to be a slightly overpassed space.

However like we mentioned previous, we all know that the mother’s microbiome, together with her vaginal microbiome affects a toddler’s lifelong well being. And so from my figuring out, what your daughter’s doing is making checking out to be had at house to the on a regular basis particular person to grasp what’s going on in their very own vaginal microbiome and tips on how to make stronger it, identical to we’ve mentioned with the mouth, with the intestine. And I think like for ladies, this can be a actually necessary space that we’ve get entry to to grasp at a deeper degree. And that in a similar fashion will expectantly information us within the course of fine practices that aren’t going to break our microbiome and that may assist us make stronger it, which is particularly necessary for any individual who’s taking into consideration having a toddler. In order that’s her product and her corporate. I’ll make certain it’s connected to as neatly.

However I do know a function and a zeal you and I each deeply percentage is the significance of elevating children who’re sort and who’re innovators and who additionally wanna assist in making the arena a greater position and that we’ve each taken some counterintuitive approaches to this and that we ceaselessly get to check notes on it. I’d say for me, it comes from beginning with a type of talents up as opposed to wisdom down means and having a look at what are the long-term targets, the issues I am hoping to impart to them after which how do I perfect nurture that? And once we take a look at it thru that lens, ceaselessly the issues that we’d suppose to do as oldsters may now not in truth be the most productive means. And so I check out to concentrate on core qualities like creativity and pondering out of doors the field and asking excellent questions and letting their motivation come from inside them as opposed to me being their exogenous rule enforcer or motivation. However I really like whilst you speak about this. So let’s shift gears and speak about parenting a bit of.

Naveen: So to begin with, Katie, I’ve 3 kids and my oldest is Angkor and he runs an organization referred to as B-I-L-T, B-I-L-T. And he necessarily began this corporate, Bilt Rewards, for one easy reason why. He idea that many people who’re renting a spot won’t ever ever construct any fairness. We’re repeatedly stay losing cash away. So he idea, what if he can create a bank card that has no annual price and you’ll pay the hire on a bank card and there’s no bank card price, so that you don’t need to pay or bank card price. And you continue to earn the issues on each and every unmarried spend that you just do. And you’ll use the ones issues to in truth pay the following month hire or you’ll use them to shop for a house or you’ll use them one-on-one-on any airways you wish to have, proper? Fantastic what he did. And that corporate inside a yr is now value over $1.5 billion. It’s processing over six billion already in not up to 12 months as a result of he took in this audacious concept that might assist the entire center category of the rustic. And he’s a Wharton grad.

And my daughter that you just mentioned, Priyanka, she went to Stanford. She’s the Stanford STEM fellow. She’s the Stanford Mayfield fellow. And the primary corporate she did used to be in truth use AI to take away the gender bias. After which she were given actually keen about the ladies’s well being. And what actually were given to her used to be as soon as she learned that it’s now not the researchers are all males. The ladies weren’t even allowed to be within the scientific analysis till ‘93. That implies nearly each and every drug that ladies takes these days is rarely being examined on ladies. And there is not any marvel that it really works much less on ladies. Girls are recognized seven years later for a similar illness. And the medicine have by no means in truth examined on ladies that they even paintings on ladies. And she or he determined she used to be going to take in this problem of ladies’s well being. And she or he began with a vaginal microbiome. And the corporate is named Evvy. E as in Edward, V-V-Y, evvy.com. And… at house take a look at for vaginal microbiome.

And what’s wonderful is that ladies endure thru such a lot of of the vaginal sicknesses, however they’re ashamed to move speak about that, proper? And she or he determined she’s gonna take the stigma off and actually permit ladies to grasp what’s going on and create a community the place they are able to now communicate to a health care provider with the consequences so they may be able to in truth let you know, that is what you wish to have to do and that is what’s actually occurring. And it seems the vaginal microbiome is the #1 predictor of preterm beginning. It’s the #1 predictor of the well being of the infant. Along with clearly the intestine well being and the oral well being, this is a key a part of the ladies’s well being in any respect.

And our youngest one, by means of the way in which, simply to finish, is Neil. And he’s additionally a Stanford grad, and he’s a Schwarzman pupil. And he’s working an organization referred to as Velen, which necessarily is totally rethinking how we purchase properties and the way we pay for our houses and mortgages. So actually having a look in any respect ends of the spectrum of creating positive that they proceed to concentrate on issues that may assist billions of other people reside a greater lifestyles. As a result of I actually imagine the good fortune is outlined by means of now not how much cash you have got within the financial institution, however what number of people’s lives you contact. Now, coming again at the parenting facet is that it’s counterintuitive. The whole lot that we imagine we’re doing it for them would possibly in truth be harming them. And all of us imagine that it’s the enforcer rule of a dad or mum, that taking them to the water and making them drink. And what I spotted used to be our process as oldsters is to cause them to thirsty. And cause them to thirsty is to cause them to intellectually curious. After we create the curious children, they in finding their very own water, and they’ll drink. And that highbrow interest is created by means of letting them imagine the whole thing is conceivable.

So we speak about, even if, as a substitute of studying them the tale once they had been younger, I’d ask them to inform me a tale about 3 issues that I may just in finding that might by no means be hooked up in combination. And I’d ask them to inform me a tale a few monkey, an ocean, and a palm tree. And they’ve to now attach the issues in combination that couldn’t be hooked up in the actual global.

And the explanation we did that used to be let them suppose that how determined having a look issues can in truth be hooked up. And it permits them to create new neural connection of their mind. So they’ll ask, OK, dad, now you get to inform me a tale a few glass and a leaf and a tree. And the way do you attach all of them in combination? So level used to be that we can problem each and every different to attach the issues which are by no means hooked up.

Now in a similar fashion, the opposite phase used to be redefining good fortune for them. So let’s say we at all times instructed them their good fortune will at all times be measured by means of what number of lives they make stronger. We instructed them that their self esteem isn’t gonna come from what they personal, however it comes from what they invent. That implies you have to inherit some huge cash, however you’re nonetheless a parasite on society in the event you’re now not doing the rest to give a contribution again to the society, proper? Different phase that’s usually is the general public, how would I say, name it very debatable. I think that kids wish to see their oldsters as a task type. They don’t wish to pay attention to what they’ve to mention. They in truth watch them do the issues they do somewhat than inform them the issues that they inform, proper? So it’s the kids in truth do what they see you do, now not what you inform them. So in the event you say, good day, cash doesn’t topic, and also you’re repeatedly chasing cash, they know, they see thru that. If you are making some huge cash and you are saying, glance, I’m going to now sit down at house and now not do anything as a substitute of going out and proceeding to make stronger the arena. And you then inform them, good day, bet what? Our function in lifestyles to repeatedly make stronger the arena, however I’m sitting at house staring at CNBC. What occurs is children see thru that. After they move to university, in the event that they see the dad sitting at house staring at CNBC, they arrive again from faculty, I inform them, move paintings onerous. Laborious paintings is what it takes. And by means of the way in which, they see the dad sitting at house staring at CNBC. What are they pondering? I’m going to develop up identical to my dad did.

Then Katie after my first corporate was wildly a hit. I began the second one corporate, the 3rd corporate, and the fourth corporate. After which I stated, we’re going to visit the moon and created Moon Specific to settle and were given 1000000000 NASA contract. It began wild. Even the age of I sought after them to peer, age doesn’t topic. You’ll tackle an audacious problem, even within the space that you can now not know a lot about. And that’s actually the sensation I sought after them to have. Simply because they’re non-experts, it’s not their legal responsibility. Being a non-expert is their asset as a result of they may be able to problem the whole thing that the specialists have taken it as a right. And that permits them to in truth reconsider, reimagine, and recreate one thing that no skilled will do.

And I believe that is more than likely the saddest factor to mention is that it doesn’t topic how good you might be, children thoughts, your oldsters will at all times be morons. And the reality is our youngsters will at all times say, oh my God, daddy’s now not even that good. If he can do that, we will do 10 occasions higher. So let’s move tackle even a larger problem than what daddy’s doing. And that to me is tune to my ears. And the reality is you and I each have mentioned it. Not anything brings us extra pleasure to our lifestyles than to peer our youngsters perform a little wonderful issues, now not simply generate profits, however actually move out and do issues that make stronger other folks’s lives.

And I’ve met your children, Katie, and all I will let you know that you’ve been an improbable mom. You might have devoted your lifestyles to serving to them. You might have devoted your lifestyles to instructing them in some way that now not simplest they’re sort and beautiful kids, they’re highly intelligent and really curious kids. And I met your son, and you understand, I believe he’s going to perform a little good stuff in lifestyles. And I will’t look forward to him to return even to an internship with us, or to a met, you understand, if I may just mentor him, as a result of I actually suppose your children in the future are going to be now not simplest within the information, they’re going to modify the way in which other people reside their lives. I will’t wait to examine them and pronouncing, God, I knew that they had been nonetheless in diapers.

Katie: Oh, thanks. And I really like that. I really like that you just’re forward of me at the parenting curve so I will be told from you. And I really like that we get to have those conversations and to echo your level, I believe I’ve realized that lesson over and over again as a mother, the significance of modeling and the way, such as you stated, we will say issues all day lengthy, however it’s what we in truth do this they take note of. And that’s the explanation us that specialize in our personal well being and health as adults is so necessary as a result of that provides them permission to do it. It’s why us having our personal interest and proceeding to be told new issues each and every unmarried day is necessary as a result of that provides them permission to do it.

And I such as you approached the speculation of parenting that they aren’t mine. I don’t personal them in the slightest degree that they’re each and every their very own endless independent beings that I am getting the consideration of being their mother on this lifetime and to move in this adventure with them. However on the finish of the day, such as you stated, I am hoping that thirst comes from inside them and now not as a result of they really feel expectation of me, however as a result of they’ve that interest and that need to assist folks that expectantly they are able to be told thru my instance and throughout the instance of such a lot of other folks and thru wonderful books and thru buddies such as you. So I really like that we at all times, it doesn’t matter what, we at all times ended up getting within the subject of parenting. I believe well being is in fact extraordinarily necessary. And I’d say parenting is similarly necessary for the ones folks who’ve children. So I really like that we at all times get to move in that course.

Additionally a few final questions which are extraordinarily egocentric for me as a result of I at all times love finding out from you. The primary being: any guide, a guide or collection of books that experience had a profound affect on you in my opinion, and if that is so, what they’re and why.

Naveen: Smartly, you understand, I learn all kinds of books. And, you understand, so those are going to be random books. I simply completed studying a guide referred to as Existential Physics. And it talks about from a point of view of physics, when any individual dies, are they nonetheless alive? And it’s simply actually idea scary concept. Is there a soul? Is there a multiverse? So this actually appears at the entire issues we generally ask each and every different. And what’s actually fascinating used to be that despite the fact that your grandmother you suppose is lifeless, if any individual, and let’s think she died years in the past, when any individual is in truth staring at Earth from hundred mild years away, they’re nonetheless staring at her stroll as a result of mild takes years to achieve them, and so they’re nonetheless staring at her in her mid-40s and in truth mid-30s, having nice time on Earth. So far as they’re involved, she’s nonetheless alive. So the speculation of this, whether or not any individual is alive or lifeless, whether or not they exist or don’t exist, can we as people in truth are, exist in any respect as a result of everyone knows that we’re product of atoms and atoms are product of electrons and protons, they’re product of quarts and mainly we’re a package deal of power despite the fact that once we contact us we really feel forged however we are aware of it’s now not, it is only power and our haptic senses are fooling us. So anyway that’s a really perfect guide on the subject of figuring out from physics point of view what’s there, what isn’t there.

The opposite guide I learn used to be Thousand Brains by means of Jeff Hawkins, and it actually talks about how our human mind works. What’s actually fascinating in that guide used to be, we at all times idea that our mind works like a neural community. It has more than one layers and each and every layer in truth provides worth to the former layer. On this guide, it talks about that each and every piece of our neocortex is a column, and each and every column can compute totally, and it mainly does the likelihood statistics and votes to mention, is that this this or this? And it’s actually the polling that’s going down within the mind that comes to a decision what is true and what’s mistaken. I believed it used to be a actually fascinating guide.

The guide, every other guide that I simply completed studying is Why Sleep Issues by means of Matthew Walker, unbelievably nice sleep scientist and actually explains in nice element why sleep is so necessary and he’s hooked up sleep without delay causatively to metabolic such things as diabetes, weight problems and most cancers and plenty of different sicknesses that may without delay be comparable to those that in truth get a loss of sleep and it could actually causatively now not simply affiliation however causatively how these items all attach in combination. So I believe it used to be only a actually fascinating guide to peer that why we attempt to imagine that it’s a macho factor to do to not sleep however it’s actually necessary in your well being to in truth get a excellent night time’s sleep.

Katie: I can upload all 3 of the ones to my studying record and in addition to the display notes for you guys listening. They’ll be at wellnessmama.fm in conjunction with hyperlinks to Viome and Evvy and the entire different issues we’ve mentioned. And finally, Naveen, any parting recommendation for the listeners these days which may be associated with one thing we’ve mentioned or completely unrelated lifestyles recommendation?

Naveen: Smartly, I believe to me is that by no means forestall dreaming. And I believe numerous other people round you are going to at all times begin to convey you down and let you know, simply since you’re a girl, you can’t do this. Simply since you’re brown, you can’t do this. Simply since you come from this deficient background, you can’t do this. Or simply because you haven’t any wisdom of this business, you can’t do this. The reality is, don’t let any individual outline who you might be. The way in which I simply, you understand, for me is fall in love with your self since the day you fall in love with your self is the day the arena will fall in love with you. You don’t want any individual else’s approval so that you can pursue your desires. The dream’s so large that folks suppose you’re loopy and at all times understand that you simplest fail whilst you surrender and also you, you understand, your concept would possibly or would possibly not paintings, however each and every concept that doesn’t paintings is just a stepping stone to another concept and a larger concept. So my recommendation at all times is, you understand… Fall in love with your self, pursue your desires, and don’t let any individual ever let you know that you’ll’t do them.

Katie: I believe that’s an excellent position to wrap up for these days. Naveen, it’s at all times a excitement to have a dialog with you. Thanks such a lot in your time and for sharing these days.

Naveen: Thanks Katie, it’s at all times an honor and a excitement and I at all times revel in your sure power and love speaking about your kids.

Katie: Oh, neatly, thanks. And thank you as at all times to all of you for listening and sharing your Most worthy assets, your time, your power, and your consideration with us these days. We’re each so thankful that you just did. And I am hoping that you are going to sign up for me once more at the subsequent episode of The Wellness Mama Podcast.

If you happen to’re taking part in those interviews, would you please take two mins to depart a score or evaluate on iTunes for me? Doing this is helping extra other people to search out the podcast, which means that much more mothers and households may just take pleasure in the ideas. I actually recognize your time, and thank you as at all times for listening.

RELATED ARTICLES

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

Recent Comments